India has been the home of arts and crafts since primitive times and painting is no exception to this fact. Indians knew the art of painting since prehistoric times.
like Miniatures paintings, Thangka paintings, Warlis paintings, Tanjore paintings and various others are now an art freak's greatest temptation.
While the medieval period is remembered for the Persian styled miniature paintings introduced by the Mughals. Not only were Mughal miniatures great masterpieces, they also influenced local miniature schools in Rajasthan, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.
Indian subcontinent is famous for being the home country of a large number of exceptionally brilliant painters, The art of painting in India dates back to the ancient times, as is evident from the cave paintings of Ajanta and Ellora. Many painters of India have received global recognition. From the paintings revolving around religious topics to the abstract ones, Indian painters have covered almost each and every arena.
Cave Painting :
The expression "cave painting" usually refers to drawing, stencil art and painting on the walls and ceilings of prehistoric caves, of the Stone Age (Paleolithic Era). It is also called "parietal art".
Cave paintings of India date back to the prehistoric times. The finest examples of these paintings comprise of the murals of Ajanta, Ellora, Bagh, Sittanavasal, etc, which reflect an emphasis on naturalism. Ancient cave paintings of India serve as a window to our ancestors, who used to inhabit these caves.
Madhubani Painting :
Folk and tribal art in India takes on different forms through varied medium such as pottery, painting, metalwork, paper-art, weaving and jewellery. Folk art is generally produced by tribal people who have little or no artistic training and use established techniques and styles of a particular region or culture. This form of popular art is the expression of that particular castes, tribes, and regions sensitivity. The importance of popular art reside in the fact that it creates a form of artistic expression which reveals the psychology, moral values and customs of the rural society from which it emerges.
Madhubani painting :
Originated in a small village, known as Maithili, of the Bihar state of India. Initially, the womenfolk of the village drew the paintings on the walls of their home, as an illustration of their thoughts, hopes and dreams. With time, the paintings started becoming a part of festivities and special events, like marriage.
Mysore Painting :
Is a form of classical South Indian painting, which evolved in the Mysore city of Karnataka. During that time, Mysore was under the reign of the Wodeyars and it was under their patronage that this school of painting reached its zenith.
Pahari painting :
Is the name given to Rajput paintings, made in the Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir states of India. These painting developed as well as flourished during the period of 17th to 19th century. Indian Pahadi paintings have been done mostly in miniature forms.
Rajput painting : Originated in the royal states of Rajasthan, somewhere around the late 16th and early 17th century. The Mughals ruled almost all the princely states of Rajasthan at that time and because of this; most of the schools of Rajput Painting in India reflect strong Mughal influence.
Tanjore Painting :
Is one of the most popular forms of classical South Indian painting. It is the native art form of Thanjavur (also known as Tanjore) city of Tamil Nadu. The dense composition, surface richness and vibrant colors of Indian Thanjavur Paintings distinguish them from the other types of paintings.